- What is allowable and disallowable expenses?
- Are donations allowable expenses?
- What is the meaning of inadmissible?
- Why is evidence not admissible?
- What types of information might be discoverable but not admissible?
- What makes evidence admissible?
- Why does the law distinguish between discoverability and admissibility?
- What is the strongest type of evidence?
- What are the 4 types of evidence?
- Can a judge refuse to look at evidence?
- Is hearsay enough to convict someone?
- What are examples of real evidence?
- Which expenses are not admissible expenses?
- What are inadmissible expenses?
- What are the four characteristics of admissible evidence?
- What evidence can be suppressed?
- What is the rules of evidence?
- What are the five rules of evidence?
- What is the business records exception rule and how does it relate to the concept of hearsay?
- How is discoverable information different from admissible information?
- What does it mean when evidence is inadmissible?
What is allowable and disallowable expenses?
Expenses incurred solely for business purposes are generally allowable.
This expenditure is usually referred to as ‘Wholly & Exclusively’.
Expenditure which is not wholly and exclusively intended for trade purposes, is not allowable..
Are donations allowable expenses?
Contributions made to certain relief funds and charitable institutions can be claimed as a deduction under Section 80G of the Income Tax Act. All donations, however, are not eligible for deductions under section 80G. Only donations made to prescribed funds qualify as a deduction.
What is the meaning of inadmissible?
not admissible; not allowable: Such evidence would be inadmissible in any court.
Why is evidence not admissible?
Evidence that can not be presented to the jury or decision maker for any of a variety of reasons: it was improperly obtained, it is prejudicial (the prejudicial value outweighs the probative value), it is hearsay, it is not relevant to the case, etc.
What types of information might be discoverable but not admissible?
The Federal Rule of Evidence 801 does provide for several exclusions to the Hearsay rule. All content is discoverable if it potentially is relevant to the case and not deemed privileged, but discovered content may be ruled inadmissible if it is deemed privileged (doctor/patient communications), unreliable or hearsay.
What makes evidence admissible?
To be admissible in court, the evidence must be relevant (i.e., material and having probative value) and not outweighed by countervailing considerations (e.g., the evidence is unfairly prejudicial, confusing, a waste of time, privileged, or based on hearsay).
Why does the law distinguish between discoverability and admissibility?
Discoverability involves the limitations on information that can be obtained by the attorneys that the opposing side has access to prior to a trial. Admissibility is what a judge will allow to be produced as evidence at the trial.
What is the strongest type of evidence?
Direct Evidence The most powerful type of evidence, direct evidence requires no inference. The evidence alone is the proof.
What are the 4 types of evidence?
There are four types of evidence recognized by the courts and we will take a look at them today. The four types of evidence recognized by the courts include demonstrative, real, testimonial and documentary. The first type, demonstrative, is evidence that demonstrated the testimony given by a witness.
Can a judge refuse to look at evidence?
If it is admitted into evidence, neither the judge nor the jury may properly refuse to look at it. … Sometimes a judge may have to look at proffered evidence to determine that it is inadmissible, in which case he or she will be required to disregard the proffered evidence if the judge is the finder of fact.
Is hearsay enough to convict someone?
The rule against hearsay was designed to prevent gossip from being offered to convict someone. Hearsay evidence is not admissible in court unless a statue or rule provides otherwise. Therefore, even if a statement is really hearsay, it may still be admissible if an exception applies.
What are examples of real evidence?
Examples of real evidence include fingerprints, blood samples, DNA, a knife, a gun, and other physical objects. Real evidence is usually admitted because it tends to prove or disprove an issue of fact in a trial.
Which expenses are not admissible expenses?
Office costs such as stationary, phone bills, or other items that you use for less than two years. Costs of business premises, such as utility bills and rent. Costs associated with buying property are not considered allowable expenses. Travel costs such as fuel, parking, or train tickets.
What are inadmissible expenses?
vi) Any sum paid by an association of persons to a member of the association on account of profit on debt, commission, salary, brokerage or any other remuneration. vii) Any expenditure paid or payable exceeding Rs. 10,000 on a single item is inadmissible if the balance under relevant head of account exceeds Rs.
What are the four characteristics of admissible evidence?
Basically, if evidence is to be admitted at court, it must be relevant, material, and competent. To be considered relevant, it must have some reasonable tendency to help prove or disprove some fact.
What evidence can be suppressed?
Some examples of evidence commonly suppressed include: Evidence obtained by an unreasonable search in violation of your Fourth Amendment rights. Evidence obtained due to an unlawful traffic stop or arrest, which constitutes an unreasonable seizure in violation of your Fourth Amendment rights.
What is the rules of evidence?
There are four Rules of Evidence; Validity, Sufficiency, Authenticity and Currency. The Rules of Evidence are very closely related to the Principles of Assessment and highlight the important factors around evidence collection.
What are the five rules of evidence?
These five rules are—admissible, authentic, complete, reliable, and believable.Admissible. This is the most basic rule and a measure of evidence validity and importance. … Authentic. The evidence must be tied to the incident in a relevant way to prove something. … Complete. … Reliable. … Believable.
What is the business records exception rule and how does it relate to the concept of hearsay?
One key rule for all corporate counsel to be aware is the Business Records Exception. This exception provides that the records of a regularly conducted business activity can be admitted, over an otherwise appropriate hearsay objection, upon a properly laid foundation of a custodial or other qualified witness.
How is discoverable information different from admissible information?
There is much evidence that is discoverable, but not admissible. Admissibility refers to evidence that is allowed to be admitted in a court of law.
What does it mean when evidence is inadmissible?
If an item of evidence is considered inadmissible, it means that it can’t be used in court during trial as evidence against the accused. An example of this is where a witness statement is considered irrelevant because it doesn’t prove or disprove any facts in the case.